What Is Depression In Children?
- Anxiety, Depression and Fear in Children
- A Mental Health Service for Children with Depressive Behavior
- The Free Parents' Helpline for Children with Mental Health
- Treatment and Management of Depression in Children
- Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder
- The Good News: Treatment of Childhood Depression with Medical Assessment and Psychotherapy
- The Effects of Depression on Children and Adolescent
- Parent-child communication in a family environment
- Predicting and Managing Depression in Children
- Symptoms of Depression
- The Game of Depression
- Getting help for your child's depression
- Major Depression: A Case Study
- Psychological Assessment of Suicidal Thoughts in Children and Adolescent
- MOMS Partnership: A Program for Innovation in Parental Mental Health Intervention
- Prevention and treatment of depression
Anxiety, Depression and Fear in Children
Many children have fears and worries and may feel sad and powerless. During development, strong fears may appear. Even if they are safe and cared for, toddlers are often very distressed about being away from their parents.
Fear and worries are normal in children, but they could be due to anxiety or depression. Internalizing disorders are sometimes called because the symptoms are mostly thoughts and feelings. Children can be made angry and frightened by anxiety.
Physical symptoms like fatigue, headaches, or stomachaches can be symptoms of anxiety. Some anxious children keep their worries to themselves and thus the symptoms can be missed. Some children may not talk about their feelings, and may not appear sad.
Depression can cause a child to act unmotivated, which can cause others to notice that the child is depressed. Some children develop anxiety or depression. Biology and temperament are some of the factors that may play a role.
A Mental Health Service for Children with Depressive Behavior
Depression in the years leading up to puberty is more common and may be linked to stress in the family, such as the birth of a sibling, or the impact on the child's social ties. Depression problems are often caused by bullied people. Young children can be depressed for a few weeks if they lose interest in daily activities, have sad thoughts and feelings, and are too young to understand why they are depressed.
You can get advice from your doctor. You could speak to the guidance officer at the school. Your doctor may refer your child to a psychologist.
The Free Parents' Helpline for Children with Mental Health
If you think your child may be depressed, you should get help early. The longer it goes on, the more likely it is to cause problems for your child for the rest of their lives. If you're worried about your child's mental health, you can call the YoungMinds' free parents' helpline, which is open from Monday to Friday from 9.30am to 4pm.
Treatment and Management of Depression in Children
Young children attempt suicide when they are upset or angry, and may do so impulsively. Girls are more likely to attempt suicide than boys are. Children with a family history of violence, alcohol abuse, or physical or sexual abuse are more likely to commit suicide.
Up to 3% of children and 8% of adolescents have depression. The condition is more common in boys under 10. Girls have a higher incidence of depression by 16.
Depression in children can be caused by a number of things, including physical health, life events, family history, environment, genetic vulnerability, and biochemical disturbance. Depression is not a condition that will go away without proper treatment. If your child has symptoms of depression for at least 2 weeks, you should schedule a visit with their doctor to make sure there are no physical reasons for the symptoms and that your child gets proper treatment.
A consultation with a mental health care professional who specializes in children is also recommended. The doctor may ask to speak with your child alone. Children with a disorder like bipolar can have bouts of manic or hyper-elevated behavior if they are not treated with anti-depressants.
An overall care plan must include therapy and routine primary care appointments for a child's medication to be managed. Depression in children is happening earlier than before. Depression may come back later in life as it does in adults.
Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder
Depression is an illness that affects the way one eats and sleeps, the way one feels about themselves, and the way one thinks about things. Mood changes that affect all aspects of an individual's daily functioning are a symptom of depressive disorders. Major depression is more than sadness that lasts for a day or two.
If not treated, the symptoms can last weeks, months or years. About half of children who take medication improve. It may take a few weeks to feel better after taking the medication.
The Good News: Treatment of Childhood Depression with Medical Assessment and Psychotherapy
Are you concerned that your child may be depressed? Kids feel sad, lonely, or depressed on a daily basis. If your child seems sad or depressed, they may suffer from a serious mental health condition called childhood depression, which needs medical assessment and treatment.
One out of five young people are dealing with mental health problems. The good news is that health care professionals can diagnose, treat, and manage mental health problems with medication and psychotherapy. Childhood depression is different from the depression that most kids get.
The fact that a child feels sad, lonely, or depressed does not mean they have depression. There are no known causes of childhood depression. It could be caused by a number of factors, including physical health, life events, family history, environment, genetic vulnerability, and biochemical disturbance.
Some children may function well in structured environments. Most kids with childhood depression will suffer a change in appearance, a loss of interest in school, and poor academic performance. Children may use drugs.
If they are over age 12 they may start smoking cigarettes. Young children attempt suicide when they are upset or angry, and it's uncommon in them. Girls are more likely to attempt suicide.
The Effects of Depression on Children and Adolescent
About 5 percent of children and adolescents suffer from depression at any given time. Children who experience stress, have attention problems, learning problems, conduct problems, or anxiety disorders are more likely to suffer from depression. Depression is a problem in families.
A child who used to play with friends may now spend most of their time alone. Things that were fun are no longer fun for the depressed child. Children and adolescents who are depressed may say they want to die.
Children and adolescents are more likely to commit suicide. Depressed adolescents may abuse drugs to feel better. It is important for people who have questions about or are not satisfied with the mental health care their children receive to discuss their concerns with the provider, ask for more information and seek help from other sources.
Parent-child communication in a family environment
Aim for fast and effective action. The tone of the family environment and the quality of parent-child communication are important. If there are tensions in the household, try to address and reduce them, even if it means therapy for the parents.
Predicting and Managing Depression in Children
More than 10 percent of adolescents ages 12 to 17 experience major depression in a year, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. It is on the rise in both children and adolescents. Depression can be predicted with early onset and adolescence. Early and consistent treatment can help to reduce the risk of a repeat and help to improve functioning and well-being.
Symptoms of Depression
Some of the symptoms can be present for a depression diagnosis. Symptoms usually occur on most days for at least 2 weeks in order to meet criteria for depression. When you see a doctor, you can use online health resources to prepare meaningful questions to ask, in order to facilitate a productive conversation. If the symptoms are unexplained by medical conditions or the effect of substances, then the cause of the symptoms is a primary psychiatric disorder.
The Game of Depression
Some children feel sad or upset when they think that everything is not going well with friends, school, and home. Depression is an illness that lasts for a long time and can interfere with a child or young person carrying on with their everyday activities. 5 in 100 children experience depression.
Both boys and girls can experience the illness. Depression is more common in teenagers than in adults. Experts believe that a combination of environmental and biological factors are important in the cause of depression.
Depression can run in families with vulnerable genes. Alcohol and drug use, physical illnesses, and stress can cause a person to experience depression. A person who focuses on the negative aspects of life is more likely to experience depression.
Depression in children and young people is different to depression in adults, and they may be more rebel than sad. Children and young people may not be able to say how they are feeling because of their age. They may deny that they have a problem or put on a happy face because they are worried that people will think there is something wrong with them and they don't understand what is going on for them.
Depression can be helped by the chemicals in the brain that are influenced by anti-depressant medicine. You need to take medicine for a number of weeks to experience a difference, because a doctor prescribes it. People take the medicine for a long time.
Getting help for your child's depression
It is important to seek help if you think your child is depressed. A qualified mental health professional can help by referring your child to someone who can conduct a comprehensive assessment, diagnose depression, and identify the right treatments.
Major Depression: A Case Study
A mother brought her child to the doctor because she was concerned that her child was no longer playing with toys or riding bikes with friends. The child has been more isolative and increasingly angry with no known cause over the past 3 weeks, and has been complaining of headaches and stomachaches for the past several weeks. In the classroom, teachers have noted inattention and impulsive behavior.
There have been periods of uncontrollable crying and screaming. There is no history of trauma, loss, or change in daily life. If depression has not responded to an adequate trial of psychotherapy, anti-depressants may be considered the first-line treatment.
If you are admitted for suicidal thoughts, both treatment options are often started. Major depression is underdiagnosed in children and adolescents. Symptom presentation varies from more symptoms in preschoolers to more symptoms in older adolescents.
Psychological Assessment of Suicidal Thoughts in Children and Adolescent
Mild depression can be treated with cognitive behavior therapy and Interpersonal therapy. Children and adolescents should be treated with therapy and medication for moderate to severe depression. Dysthymic disorder in children and adolescents is characterized by depressed moods on most days.
The course of the illness is longer for patients with dysthymia, but the symptoms are less severe. Patients with depression often have low self-esteem and poor social skills. Asking about suicide or using depression screening tools can be used to assess suicidal thoughts in children and adolescents.
Some tools lack specificity or are prone to oversensitivity, so further inquiry into patient symptoms may be required. If a patient has suicidal thoughts, further assessment should include questions about the frequency of thoughts, the presence and specificity of a plan, the lethality or availability of means to follow through with the plan, and whether there are any other factors. If a patient is at risk of self-injury, urgent referral to a mental health professional or emergency department is necessary.
MOMS Partnership: A Program for Innovation in Parental Mental Health Intervention
The MOMS Partnership program, a nationally recognized program for innovation in parental mental health intervention, posts trained community ambassadors at a variety of local sites, where they ask parents for permission to do a screening and obtainformation parenting more broadly. People who are identified as potentially depressed are invited to a structured appointment in a clinical setting to determine if they would benefit from treatment in the same location.
Prevention and treatment of depression
Depression can be reduced by prevention programmes. School-based programmes can be used to enhance a positive pattern of depression-prevention in children and adolescents. Parents of children with behavioral problems may benefit from interventions.
Older people can benefit from exercise programmes that are effective in depression prevention. Lay workers can deliver the WHO psychological intervention manual for depression to individuals and groups. The Problem Management Plus manual describes the use of behavioural activation, stress management, problem solving treatment and strengthening social support.